Composting Chicken Manure
Composting chicken manure is a side benefit of raising chickens.
Chicken manure fertilizer is very high in nitrogen and also contains the right amount of potassium and phosphorus.
However, if we didn’t correctly compost chicken manure that the high nitrogen in the chicken manure is dangerous to plants.
There are many ways of compost chicken manure, such as natural compost, chemical compost, microbial fermentation compost.
Natural compost chicken manure need 5 to 6 months to fermentation.
In this way, it can cause air pollution and also causes nutrient loss.
Let’s look at the benefits of microbial fermentation compost.
- Reduce fermentation time
- Increased nutritional value
- Dry chicken manure
- Reduce odor
The main microbial in the process of fermenting chicken manure are Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, Candida utilis, Bacillus megaterium, Lactobacillus plantarum, Feces Enterococcus, Trichoderma reesei, protease, cellulase and other beneficial microorganisms.
These microbes can quickly fermentation chicken manure into fertilizer.
2.Advantages of microbial fermentation chicken manure:
2.1 Quickly fermentation
It only takes 10 days to fermentation chicken manure in the summer using microbial.
2.2 Kill insect eggs
In the process of microbial fermentation chicken manure, the temperature can reach 65℃～70℃ or even higher.
The high temperature not only makes the chicken manure and other materials cook quickly, but more importantly, can effectively kill the insect eggs and pathogenic microorganisms.
Among them, 50 ℃ ~ 70 ℃ temperature, lasting 6 ~ 7 days, on the eggs and pathogenic bacteria can achieve a very good lethal effect, such as avian influenza virus, 60 ℃ ~ 70 ℃ high temperature for a few minutes can cause its death.
2.3 Reduce odor.
The addition of microbial agents to chicken manure can be effective in eliminating foul odor gases.
Micro-organisms can break down nitrogen-free and sulfur-free organic substances such as phenols, carboxylic acids, formaldehyde, etc. into CO2 and H20.
The ammonia of organic matter containing nitrogen to NH3, which can be oxidized to NO2- by nitrifying bacteria and further to N03- by nitrifying bacteria.
Sulfur-containing foul-smelling substances are decomposed by microorganisms to release H2S, which is oxidized by sulfur-oxidizing bacteria to sulfuric acid, etc., allowing for the removal of pollutants.
2.4 Improving enzyme activity
All biochemical processes in the fermentation of chicken manure piles are carried out with the involvement of enzymes, the magnitude of which reflects the intensity of the various biochemical processes in organic pile production.
Chicken manure compost inoculated with microbial fungicides, due to the fact that the fungicides contain more microorganisms that produce enzymes such as cellulase, protease, lipase and hydrogen peroxide.
As a result, its various enzymatic activities are significantly higher than those of natural stacking.
2.5 Increase infertility.
Microorganisms can decompose the more decomposable substances such as starch, lipid compounds, hemicellulose, and protein, as well as some cellulose and small amounts of lignin in chicken manure, some of which are converted into water-soluble carbon and nitrogen compounds, while some of the carbon and nitrogen sources initially used by microorganisms are gradually decomposed and released as the microorganisms die.
As a result, manure can increase the amount of water-soluble carbon and nitrogen.
Compared with the natural fermentation of chicken manure, the compost inoculated with microbial fungicide can synthesize more humus carbon and nitrogen at the same time, because the various enzymes produced by microbial fungicide can catalyze the rapid conversion of organic matter into humus.
On the other hand, microbial fungicides can produce some acidic substances, reduce the PH value of chicken manure, reduce the volatilization of ammonia during fermentation, maintain more nitrogen, improve fertilization efficiency and protect the environment.
2.6. Improving crop safety.
Uric acid and NH4+-N are the main substances in chicken manure that affect the normal growth of crops. Microbial fungicides can promote the conversion of nitrogen to protein nitrogen and NH3+-N in compost, reduce the accumulation of NH4+-N, and can quickly eliminate or reduce the substances that cause crop growth disorders.
2.7. Make coarse feed for other animals.
The crude protein in chicken manure is 31% to 33%, more than half of which is non-protein nitrogen such as uric acid, urea, creatine, ammonia, and other non-protein nitrogen, as well as the crude fiber contained in the chicken manure itself and a large amount of crude fiber in the matted grass.
So chicken manure is a good feed for breeding livestock, poultry, and fish, but raw chicken manure contains parasite eggs and some toxic substances and bacteria, can not be fed directly with raw chicken manure, must be added to the chicken manure microbial fermentation treatment for high temperature, in order to become non-toxic and nutrient-rich feed.
3. How To Composting Chicken Manure
3.1 Chicken manure with moisture between 40%- 50%.
3.2 Put 1 Kg of Pangoo Compost Starter into 1000 Kg chicken manure.
3.3 Mix them evenly;
3.4 Pile up about one meter high, 2 meters wide and ferment it.
3.5 When the weather temperature under10°C, cover it with plastic film to raise the temperature quickly.
3.6Control the temperature inside the pile at about 70°C.
The higher temperatures may hurt nutrition.
3.7 The compost moisture is better between 60 to 65 percent.
3.8 Turning over the pile regularly during fermentation.
Applications of fermented chicken manure
The fermented chicken manure can use for planting and flower culture as bio-organic fertilizer
Microbiology fertilizer benefit
This kind of fertilizer can enhance the ability of crop resistance to disease. Accompanied with microbial rapid propagation and a series of complex biochemical reaction processes, microbial agents produce a lot of special effects of metabolites (such as enzymes, hormones, antibiotics, this substance is naturally produced by the organism itself, not chemical hormone antibiotics, without any side effects).
The hormone can stimulate the crop to grow rapidly; Antibiotics can significantly inhibit the spread of soil-borne bacteria, improving crop resistance to disease.
However, the crude organic fertilizer without fermentation is not only without the above advantages but also with pathogens becoming the main source of transmission of crop diseases.